Common Diseases Caused By Water Damage

The occurrence of water destroy in property is without a doubt a hassle. It is difficult to say that the statement nobody desires to deal with a flooded home commits the fallacy of overgeneralization. The reason behind this is that empirical observation trumps logical constructs. The fact is that water destroy can be a stressful situation. As such, people require to keep away from it as much as feasible.

But despite the desire to keep away from it, there's some situations that cannot be helped. When waters from flooding enter the property, some of the destroy that ensues can range from structural weakness to shortening of electrical systems. But, it is important to note that it is not the home that is affected when there is flooding. Even its occupants are in danger.

of the features of floodwater is that it is a hospitable breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms that may cause disease. This group of illnesses is called waterborne diseases and is named as such because they are transmitted when a person ingests the contaminated water. It is a serious concern because according to the World Health Organization, a immense chunk of diseases experienced worldwide is because of an hazardous water supply.

The pathogens come in a variety of forms like protozoa, viruses, or bacteria. However, they do have thing in common: they can survive and even flourish in floodwaters. Thus, property owners ought to be aware of the diseases that they can encounter in the event that they experience flooding in the house.

  1. Amebiasis
One of the most common diseases that come from flooding is amebiasis, which is a type of gastrointestinal infection. It is brought on by the amoeba called the Entamoeba histolytica although other types of amoebas can cause similar symptoms in humans. Amebiasis, although well-known, can be deadly and causes 70,000 deaths annually around the world. The symptoms include diarrhea and blood in the stool.

In most cases, the amoeba only affects the intestinal lining of the body. However, more severe cases see a situation when the parasite travels to the bloodstream and is brought to different organs of the body. Most commonly, it is brought to the liver where it can cause amoebic liver abscesses or the formation of infected masses in the liver. Take note that the person is not always symptomatic immediately. Amebiasis can occur even months after the person has been exposed to the floodwater.

The usual way amebiasis to be transmitted is through fecal-oral contact. Thus, it is most likely to occur if the flood damage is caused by sewage or water that has not been properly treated. Amebiasis can also be acquired through contact with objects that have been contaminated. This means that even if the floodwater has receded, it can still pose a danger if the affected area was not properly disinfected.
  1. Cryptosporidiosis
The floodwater does not have to come from households or industrial sources for it to be a carrier of disease. Even the seasonal runoff of water can be contaminated with parasites that lead to illness in people. Cryptosporidiosis has symptoms that are very similar to the common flu. It can be accompanied by diarrhea, loss of appetite and sudden weight loss, and nausea.
What causes Cryptosporidiosis is a parasite called Cryptosporidium, a kind of protozoa that targets the intestinal tracts of mammals. It does not last in the body long and is known as a short-term infection. However, that does not mean that Cryptosporidiosis is something to be trifled with. People with compromised immune systems such as those with lupus or AIDS can experience severe symptoms that can lead to death.

It is usually transmitted by the presence of fecal matter, whether from humans or animals, in the water that is ingested. Cryptosporidiosis is then likely from broken sewage pipes or unfiltered water. The parasite that causes this particular disease is quite resistant. In fact, it can withstand even the presence of chlorine. This is the reason why it is important to fully clean the area that was exposed to floodwater.
  1. Giardiasis
Giardiasis is a type of medical condition that is characterized by the infection of the small bowel by an organism called the Giardia lambia. It is quite prevalent with an average rate of 2.5 million people each year. One of the reasons why it is hard to get rid of is that it can survive in a variety of mammalian hosts, which also includes humans.

The occurrence of Giardiasis is caused by three methods: the passing of the pathogen from person to person, ingestion of contaminated water, and fecal-oral contamination. In all three cases, the common thread is poor hygiene and sanitation. This makes floodwaters a bastion for the microscopic organisms that cause this particular disease.

The symptoms of Giardiasis include pain the abdomen, diarrhea, vomiting, and excess gas. Fever may also be experienced in more severe cases. Most of the time, people who experience Giardiasis have mild symptoms that increase in intensity as the pathogen becomes more resistant.

Currently, there are no vaccines or other kinds of medication that can prevent the onset of Giardiasis. The best way to avoid it is by ensuring that the home is kept free from the organisms that cause it. Make sure to disinfect the flooded area completely after the water has receded. Also, regular inspections of the sewage pipes can prevent obstructions that can lead to backup.
  1. Cyclospora
Caused by the parasite known as Cyclospora cayetanesis, Cyclospora is a type of intestinal infection that spreads through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. For example, if floodwater enters the home and the water comes in contact with the residents, then it is possible for them to get ill after.

There are various factors which contribute to the likelihood of people getting sick with Cyclospora. However, the most prevalent is their exposure to poor sanitation. This is exactly the kind of environment that flooding brings as the water is rarely clean. In fact, the opposite is almost always true. Most of the damage done by flooding is precisely because it is quite dirty.
The symptoms of Cyclospora need about a week before they start to show. It affects the small intestine of the body and causes diarrhea and stomach cramps. Other signs of the illness include weight loss, bloating, fatigue, and nausea. It should be noted that Cyclospora does not always exhibit symptoms. In some situations, people do not always notice that they are already infected for up to a month. It is also possible that the symptoms may disappear only to occur several times after.

These are only some of the diseases that can be associated with flood damage. In most cases, they way that people are affected occur in the same sequence of events: water enters the home and people ingest the contaminated water causing illness. The thing about flood damage is that it can affect people without them knowing. It is precisely the stealth involved which makes it quite a serious situation. For example, most property owners believe that the crisis is over once the water is dry. This is not necessarily so.

Sometimes the floodwater can aerosolize and reach places that are not always obvious. It is even possible that the airconditioning system of the house can bring the water vapors to its other portions. To fully remedy the situation, thoroughly scrub the property with detergents and other commercial cleaners before declaring it fit for habitation. Do not forget to disinfect even the furnishing such as carpets and upholstered furniture. Finally, in the event that the floodwater that contaminated the home is blackwater. Meaning that it comes from the sewage, avoid all contact with it because it is a bastion of disease-causing microorganisms. Instead, call for professionals who are trained to handle situations such as these.

Although there are antibiotics and medicines available to treat waterborne diseases, it is still best to avoid the situation altogether. It is important for people to realize that the damage of flooding can be financially devastating especially if one of its effects concerns the health of the homeowner and his or her family. After all, hospitalization and costs of medication do not come cheap. Even though the aforementioned diseases are not rare and in fact, are treated quite frequently, it can still be quite a burden to have them cured.

But more than just the financial considerations, the most significant reason to take the necessary steps to ensure the safety of the property from flood damage is the fact that the home should be maintained as a place of safety for the people residing there. Without the assurance that it can be an environment of security and health, it does not fulfill its purpose of being a place of respite. Although accidents and natural perils are not always avoidable, there are some things that people can do to keep their heads above water, so to speak. One of the most important is to be aware of their surroundings and arm themselves with the knowledge of the possible consequences that can be brought on by flooding and the damage it brings. Exercising wisdom and preparedness can spell the difference between the continued health of the inhabitants and disease.


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